U赢电竞app

科学技术哲学在中国的兴起与发展

2020年06月22日 10:44:17
来源:U赢电竞app_U赢电竞手机版_主页

  中国科学技术哲学的学科建制性发展始于自然辩证法在中国的传播与发展,成熟于改革开放后,是中国社会发展新思维的重要提供者与变革参与者。迄今,中国科学技术哲学已成为对中国当代社会与思想影响深远的学科之一。

  1.学科历史渊源

U赢电竞app  KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEZUOWEIXUEKEDEXINGQIYUZIRANBIANZHENGFAZAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANYOUZHESHENHOUDEYUANYUAN。ZHEIYIYANJINSHIYOUXUEKE、JIANZHIYUSHEHUIBEIJINGDUOZHONGYINSUCUCHENGDE。

U赢电竞app  “ZIRANBIANZHENGFA”YANJIUYOUENGESIZAI19SHIJIXIABANYESUOKAICHUANG。《ZIRANBIANZHENGFA》DIYIBENZHONGWENYIBENCHUXIANYU1932NIAN,BIAOZHIZHEZIRANBIANZHENGFAZHENGSHICHUANRUZHONGGUO。ZUOWEIWEIWUBIANZHENGFAYANJIUHECHUANBODEYIBUFEN,ZHONGGUODEZIRANBIANZHENGFASHIYESHIYIPIXUEZHECONGYANDUENGESIDE《ZIRANBIANZHENGFA》YISHUERFAZHANQILAIDE。

U赢电竞app  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU,ZIRANBIANZHENGFADELILUNGONGZUOYESHIHEDANGSHIKAIZHANDEMAKESIZHUYILILUNJIAOYUZHIJIELIANXIZAIYIQIDE,ZHUYAOZHENDUIKEJIGONGZUOZHEHELIGONGKESHISHENG。ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEXUEKEJIANZHIHUAFAZHANSHIZI1956NIAN。1956NIAN6YUE,ZHONGGUOKEUYINGDIANJINGappZHEXUEYANJIUSUOCHENGLILEZIRANBIANZHENGFAYANJIUZU。ZHEISHIXINZHONGGUODIYIGEZIRANBIANZHENGFADEZHUANYEYANJIUJIGOU,KEZUOWEIXUEKEJIANZHIHUAFAZHANDEYIGEZHENGSHIQIDIAN。TONGNIAN,WOGUOZHIDINGLE《GUOJIASHIERNIANKEXUEFAZHANYUANJINGGUIHUA》,QIZHONGDUIZIRANBIANZHENGFAXUEKEDEJIEDINGWEI: “ZAIZHEXUEHEZIRANKEXUEZHIJIANSHICUNZAIZHEZHEIYANGYIMENKEXUE,ZHENGXIANGZAIZHEXUEHESHEHUIKEXUEZHIJIANCUNZAIZHEYIMENLISHIWEIWUZHUYIYIYANG。ZHEIMENKEXUE,UYINGDIANJINGappZANDINGMINGWEI‘ZIRANBIANZHENGFA’,YINWEITASHIZHIJIEJICHENGZHEENGESIZAI《ZIRANBIANZHENGFA》YISHUZHONGCENGJINXINGGUODEYANJIU。”GAISHIQIZIRANBIANZHENGFAYANJIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI“ZIRANKEXUEDEZHEXUEWENTI”YUZIRANBIANZHENGFADESHEHUISHIJIANZHONG,YANJIUJINLUZHUYAOSHIYIJUZHEXUEDUIKEXUEDESIBIANLAIZHIDAOSHEHUISHIJIAN,ZIRANGUANSHIZHONGXINLUNTI。ZAIMAKESIZHUYIDEYUJINGXIA,ZIRANGUAN、RENSHILUNYUFANGFALUNSHITONGYIDE,ZIRANGUANDEBIANHUAHUIYINZHIRENSHILUNYUFANGFALUNDEGAIBIAN。MEIYICIKEXUEGEMINGJUNHUIYINFAZIRANGUANDEBIANGE。KEXUEGUANZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHEZIRANGUAN,JINERDAILAIRENSHILUNYUFANGFALUNDEZHONGDABIANGE。YINCI,BULUNSHIZIRANZHEXUEYANJIU,HAISHIMAKESIZHUYIYANJIU,JUNXUYAOBAKEXUEJIQIFAZHANZUOWEIZHEXUESIKAODEYIGEJICHU。YIPIZIRANKEXUEJIAZAIQIZHONGDANDANGLEZHONGYAOJIAOSE,DADATUIJINLEKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEDEFAZHANHEKEXUEGUANDEPUJI,KUODALEQISHEHUIYINGXIANGLI。

U赢电竞app  CONGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIDAO1978NIANGAIGEKAIFANGYIQIAN,ZUOWEIMAKESIZHUYIDEZIRANGUANHEZIRANKEXUEGUAN,ZIRANBIANZHENGFABEIKANZUOMAKESIZHUYIHEKEJIGONGZUOJINMIJIEHEDEQIAOLIANG。ZIRANBIANZHENGFALIANXIKEJIFAZHANDEQIANYAN,GUANZHUXIANSHI,YOUZIRANKEXUENEIZAIDEPIPANPINGESUOQUDONG。ZIRANBIANZHENGFASHIYETUANJIEKEXUEJIA、CANYUQIANYANKAIFA、NULIWEIGUOFUWU,WEIWOGUOXIANDAIHUASHIYEZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,SHOUDAOGUANGFANHUANYING。

  GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,ZHONGGUOZIRANBIANZHENGFASHIYECONGLISHICHUANTONGHEXIANSHIFAZHANZHONGXINGCHENGLEZIJIDEXIANMINGTESE。TONGGUOSHIXINGSANDAJIEHE: LILUNYUSHIJIANJIEHE,KEJIYUSHEHUIJIEHE,ZHONGGUOYUSHIJIEJIEHE,JIANLILEJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEZHEXUEXUEKE: KEXUEJISHUZHEXUE。

  2.科学技术哲学兴起

  1981NIANZHONGGUOZIRANBIANZHENGFAYANJIUHUIZHENGSHICHENGLI,WEIQUANGUOXINGDEXUESHUYANTAODAJIANLEZHONGYAOPINGTAI。ZAICIQIANHOU,《ZIRANBIANZHENGFATONGXUN》(1979NIAN)、《ZIRANBIANZHENGFAYANJIU》(1985NIAN)、《KEXUEJISHUYUBIANZHENGFA》(1984NIAN)(HOUGENGMINGWEI《KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYANJIU》)DENGYUXUEKEFAZHANLIANXIJINMIDEZHONGYAOZHUANYEXINGXUESHUQIKANLUXUCHUANGBAN。20SHIJI80NIANDAI“ZIRANBIANZHENGFA”KECHENGYOUGUOJIAJIAOWEIQUEDINGWEIGAODENGXUEXIAOLIGONGNONGYIKESHUOSHIBIXIUDEYIMENMAKESIZHUYILILUNKE,TONGSHIHAIGUIDINGLIGONGNONGYIKEBOSHISHENGYAOKAISHE“XIANDAIKEXUEJISHUGEMINGYUMAKESIZHUYI”KECHENG。ZHEIXIEKECHENGDEKAISHETUIDONGLEJIAOXUEYUYANJIUDUIWUDEZHUANGDA。ZI1981NIANSHISHI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXUEWEITIAOLI》YILAI,YIXIEGAOXIAOXIANHOUHUODEXIANGGUANZHUANYEDESHUOSHI、BOSHIXUEWEIPEIYANGZIGE,ZHEIXIEGONGZUOZHIJIEJIAKUAILEXUEKEJIANZHIHUAFAZHANDEBUFA。

  GAIGEKAIFANGSHIUYINGDIANJINGappDANGDEYICIWEIDAJUEXING,ZHENGSHIZHEIGEWEIDAJUEXINGYUNYULEUYINGDIANJINGappDANGCONGLILUNDAOSHIJIANDEWEIDACHUANGZAO。GAISHIQI,“ZOUXIANGWEILAICONGSHU”“HANYISHIJIEXUESHUMINGZHUCONGSHU”“ERSHISHIJIXIFANGZHEXUEYICONG”DENGCONGSHUCHENGWEIPOJUYINGXIANGLIDETUSHU,TAMENSHEJIZIRANKEXUEHESHEHUIKEXUEDEDUOGEFANGMIAN,XUDUOXINXIANDEXUEKEBEIJIESHAODAOZHONGGUOLAI,DAIBIAOLEDANGSHIZHONGGUOSIXIANGJIEFANGQIANYANDESIKAOCHENGGUO。

U赢电竞app  1987NIAN,WEILEGENGHAODITUIJINXUEKEXIANGZHUANYEHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN,JIAOYUBUJIANGYANJIUSHENGZHEXUEZHUANYEXIASHUDEERJIXUEKEMULU“ZIRANBIANZHENGFA”DIAOZHENGWEI“KEXUEJISHUZHEXUE(ZIRANBIANZHENGFA)”。SUIZHEXUEKEJIANZHIDEWANSHAN、YANJIURENYUANDEZENGDUO,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEDEYANJIUBIANJIEDEDAOJIDATUOZHAN,CHENGWEIZHONGDUOXINXUEKEDE“FUHUAQI”,BUDUANYOUXINDERENYUANHESIXIANGCANYUJINLAI,UYINGDIANJINGapp、TUPO、BENGFALINGGAN,ERZAISILVCHENGSHUHOUWANGWANGZILIMENHU,HUOZHUANRUQITAXUEKE。KEXUEJISHUZHEXUECONGYUANLAIDEPIANXIANGYUZIRANZHEXUE、ZIRANGUAN,TUOZHANDAOBAOHANKEXUERENSHILUNYUFANGFALUNDEKEXUEZHEXUE、JISHUZHEXUEJIKEJISIXIANGSHI,JINERYANSHENDAOYUSHIJIANJINMIXIANGGUANDEKEXUEJISHUYUSHEHUI、KEJIZHENGCEXUE、KEJIGUANLIDENGLINGYU,BINGBAKEXUEXUE、QIANKEXUE、WEILAIXUE、XITONGKEXUEDENGGELEIXINXUEKEYUJIAOCHAXUEKEDEYANJIUNARUHUIXIA。

U赢电竞app  SHIJISHANG,GAISHIQIXINGQILEDUIKEXUEFANGFALUN、KEXUERENSHILUNDELILUNYANJIURECHAO,CUISHENGLEYIDAPIXINXUEKE,QUDELEBUSHAOYINRENZHUMUDECHENGGUO,YINCIBEICHENGWEI“LILUNTUOZHANQI”。KUANSONGDE“DAKOUDAI”FAZHANYUANZE,SHIZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUECHENGWEICHUYUZIRANKEXUEHEZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEDEBIANYUANYUJIAOCHADIDAIDEBAIKEQUANSHUSHIXUEPAI,HUIJULEBUTONGYANJIUFANGXIANGDEYANJIUZHE,JIADALEXUEKEDEJIAOCHAXING。

  DAZHILAISHUO,GAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEDEFAZHANLICHENGKEYIHUAFENWEISIGEJIEDUAN:

  DIYIGESHINIAN。20SHIJI70NIANDAIMO,YOUYUKEXUEHEJIAOYUSHIBOLUANFANZHENGDEQIANYAN,YOUGUANKEXUEDEZHEXUEWENTIJIUTEBIEYOUSHENGMINGLIHEXIYINLI。QUANGUOKEXUEDAHUIYINGLAILEKEXUEDECHUNTIAN,ZUNZHONGZHISHI、ZUNZHONGRENCAI,DADAOCHANGXING。ZAIGUANYUZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUNZHONG,KEXUEDESHIZHENGFANGFAXIANZHUDITIXIANZHESHIJIANBIAOZHUNDEYOUXIAOXING、QUANWEIXING;DANGSHI,PINGJIEKEXUEZISHENPUBIANXINGHECHAOGUOJIEXINGDENGTEZHI,ZHANGYANGKEXUELIXINGZAILUNZHANZHONGBANYANLEJIQIZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。

  CONGGAIGEKAIFANGKAIQIDAO80NIANDAI,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYOUYUTADEKUAJIEXINGYIJITAYUKEJIHEZHEXUELIANGZHEDEJINMIGUANXI,ZAIZHONGGUOCHENGWEISIXIANGJIEFANGDEDAITOUYANG。ZAI80NIANDAI,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEDEXUEKEJIANSHE、JIAOCAIJIANSHEHEDUIWUJIANSHE,SHENGJIBOBO,QUDEXUDUOTUOHUANGXINGJINZHAN。

  DIERGESHINIAN。CONG80NIANDAIMODAO90NIANDAI,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEXUEKEZHONGYUZAIQUANGUOGAODENGJIAOYULINGYUSHIXIANJIANZHIHUA,CHENGWEIZHEXUEDEERJIXUEKE。

  ZAIKEJIGEMINGXUNMENGFAZHANDETIAOJIANXIA,KEXUEJISHUYUWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUASHIYEJIJIHUDONG,CUSHIXUEJIEJIUKEXUEJISHUBENSHENJIQILISHIFAZHAN,CONGJINGJI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHEHUIGEGEFANGMIANJINXINGZHEXUECENGCIDESIKAOHETANSUO。

U赢电竞app  90NIANDAI,“KEJI—JINGJI—SHEHUI”GUANXIDEYANJIUQUDETUPOXINGJINZHAN,YUELAIYUEDUODERENZHUANXIANGSTSYANJIU(KEXUE、JISHUHESHEHUIYANJIUDEJIANCHENG)、FAZHANZHANLVEYANJIUHEZHISHIJINGJIYANJIU。GENGJIAZHUANMENHUAYUDUOYUANHUADEYANJIUJUMIANKAISHIXINGCHENG,LUNTIRIYIFENGFU,LUNYUZHUBUKAIKUO。CONGZHEISHIQI,ZIRANBIANZHENGFACHENGWEILIGONGKEYANJIUSHENGSIXIANGZHENGZHIKE(GONGGONGKE、BIXIUKE)。

  DISANGESHINIAN。21SHIJIKAISHIDESHINIAN,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYANJIUZHIMIANKEXUEFAZHANWENTI、SHENGTAIWENMINGWENTI、YIRENWEIBENDEWENTI,DUOYUANHUADEYANJIUCHENGWEIFENGQI。

U赢电竞app  SUIZHEZHONGGUOSHEHUIKUAISUFAZHAN,KEJI、SHEHUIYUHUANJINGDECHONGTUBUDUANJIAJU,CUJINLEDUIFAZHANLINIANDESHENDUSIKAO。ZIRANYUREN、KEJIYUSHEHUI、KEXUEYURENWENDEGUANXICHENGWEILILUNJIEDEZHONGXINLUNTI,KEXUEJISHUZHEXUECHENGWEIGAISHIQISHEHUIFAZHANSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOTIGONGZHEHECANYUZHE,QIEXUEKEFAZHANZHUJIANCHENGSHU、DUIWUYOUYIDINGGUIMO、YUGUOJIJIEGUI、YOUZHONGGUOTESE。

  DISIGESHINIAN。KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYANJIUGONGZUOZHEJIJIZAIQUANSHEHUIQIANGHUAKEXUEYISHI、SHENGTAIYISHI;TANTAOKEJIFAZHANZHONGSHENCENGCIDEWENTI,SHENDUTOUXIKEXUEJINGSHENYURENWENJINGSHENDERONGHE。TAMENJIJIPEIYUYUANSHICHUANGXINDELINIANHEJIZHI,ZHILIYUCUJINZHONGGUOCONGKEJIDAGUOXIANGKEJIQIANGGUODEZHUANBIAN;ZHUDONGYINGJIEXINYILUNKEJIGEMINGDEDAOLAI,HUIYINGZHINENGGEMINGDAILAIDEJIYUHETIAOZHAN;MIANDUIXINSHIDAIBENXUEKEJIANSHEHEDIAOZHENGZHONGDEWENTI,NULIJINXINGXINDEKAITUO。

  3.规范与多元

  20SHIJI90NIANDAIZHONGQIYILAI,JINGJIQUANQIUHUABANSUIDESHENGTAIWEIJI、QIHOUBIANHUADENGNANTIPINXIAN,KEJI、SHEHUIYUHUANJINGDECHONGTUJIAJU。CILEIWENTIDOUSHUZONGHEXINGDEJIAOCHAWENTI,BINGWUDANDUDEXUEKEKEYIZHIJIEYINGDUI。ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEZAICIBEIJINGXIA,JINRULELILUNYANJIUYUSHIJIANWENTIJINMIJIAOZHIDESHIQI: YIFANGMIAN,LILUNYANJIUYUELAIYUEYAOQIUFUHEGUOJIXUESHUCHUANTONGDEGUIFAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,SHIJIANYANJIUDEKAIFANGXINGYOUSHIKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEDEYANJIUJINLUYUELAIYUEDUOYUANHUA。ZHEIYIGUIFANYUDUOYUANDEGEJUTIXIANZAIKEJIYUZIRAN、KEJIYUSHEHUI、KEJIYURENZHEISANDAZHONGXINLUNTISHANG。KEXUEJISHUZHEXUEJIANGOUCHUYIGEFUGAIMIANKUAN、NEIRONGDUOYANG、BIANJIEMOHU、HENGXIANGJIAOCHAFANDUO、CHONGMANSHENGMINGLIYUSHIDAIXINGDEDUTEYANJIULINGYU。

U赢电竞app  JINGGUOJIDAIXUERENDEGONGTONGNULI,ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEZAIDUIKEJISHIDAITICHUDEKEJIJIQIXIANGGUANWENTIDEZHEXUEHUIYINGZHONG,ZHUJIANTUOZHANWEIZONGHEXINGJIAOCHAXUEKE。QIZHONGBAOKUOZIRANZHEXUE、KEXUEZHEXUE、JISHUZHEXUE、KEXUEJISHUYUSHEHUIYANJIU、KEJISIXIANGSHIDENGJIGEZHUYAOFANGXIANG。

  ZIRANZHEXUE,ZHUYAOYANJIUZIRANGUAN、RENYUZIRANDEGUANXI、KECHIXUFAZHANGUANHEKECHIXUFAZHANZHANLVEDENGWENTI,ZHEIXIEYESHIZIRANBIANZHENGFAMIANDUIDEJIBENWENTI。ZAIZIRANGUANFANGMIAN,ZIRANZHEXUEDEGUANZHUDIANJIZHONGZAITIANRANZIRANYURENGONGZIRANDEXIANGHUGUANXISHANG,ZHUZHANGBUJINYAODUIRENGONGZIRANJINXINGWENHUAKONGZHI,BAOCHIRENLEIGAIZAOTIANRANZIRANYUBAOHUTIANRANZIRANDEMOUZHONGPINGHENG;ERQIEYAORENSHIDAOZIRANSHIRENLEIWEIYIDEJIAYUAN,BIXUJINGWEIZIRAN。ZAIXIANSHISHIJIECENGMIAN,ZIRANZHEXUECEZHONGTAOLUNKECHIXUFAZHANDELILUNJICHU、JIBENNEIHAN、LUNLIYUANZEHEJIAZHIBIAOZHUN、PINGJIAFANGFAHEZHIBIAOTIXIDENGWENTI。

  KEXUEZHEXUE,SHIDUIKEXUEBENSHENJIQIFAZHANGUILVDENGJIBENWENTISUOZUODEXITONGZHEXUEYANJIU。KEXUEZHEXUEBAOHANLELUOJIZHUYI、LISHIZHUYI、JIANGOUZHUYIDENGZHUDUOLIUPAI,ZHUYAOSHIDUIDANGDAIZIRANKEXUEBEIJINGXIADEZHONGDAZHEXUEWENTIKAIZHANYANJIU,RULIANGZIZHEXUE、SHENGWUXUEZHEXUE、RENZHIZHEXUE、RENGONGZHINENGZHEXUEDEYANJIU。ERTONGGUOGUANGFANZHANKAIDUIXIFANGKEXUEZHEXUEJINGDIANZHUZUODEYIJIEGONGZUO,CONGERDONGTAIYANYICHUYIXIEXINDELILUNSHENGZHANGDIAN,CHENGWEIWOGUOKEXUEZHEXUEYANJIUDELIANGDIAN。

U赢电竞app  JISHUZHEXUE,SHICONGZONGTISHANGYANJIUJISHUHEJISHUFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEPUBIANGUILV。ZAOQIZHUYAOYANJIUJISHUYUFANGFA、JISHUYUJINGJI、JISHUYUSHEHUI、JISHUYUZHENGZHI、JISHUYUWENHUADENGXIANGGUANWENTI,ZHIHOUZHUANXIANGDUIJISHUBENTILUN、JISHURENSHILUN、JISHUJIAZHILUN、JISHULUNLIXUE、KEXUEYUJISHUZHIJIANDEYITONGGUANXI、KEXUEZHEXUEYUJISHUZHEXUEZHIJIANDEYITONGGUANXIDENGLILUNXINGWENTIDEYANJIU。SUIZHEKEXUE—JISHU—GONGCHENG—CHANYELIANTIAODEJINZHAN,CHUXIANLEGONGCHENGZHEXUEDEXINLINGYU,GONGCHENGDEBENZHIHETEZHENG、GONGCHENGYUKEXUEJISHUDEQUBIEYULIANXI、GONGCHENGYUSHEHUI、GONGCHENGCHUANGXIN、GONGCHENGRENCAI、GONGCHENGLUNLIDENGWENTICHENGWEITANTAODEJIAODIAN。ZAIFANSIJISHUDEFUMIANXIAOYINGDENGWENTISHI,XUEZHEMENXIANGJITICHULELVSEJISHU、JISHUJIAZHIHELIXING、JISHUFAZHANDESHEHUIKONGZHI、JISHUZEREN、JISHUZHISHAN、JISHUDERENWENGUANHUAIDENGXINGAINIAN。

U赢电竞app  KEXUEJISHUYUSHEHUIYANJIU,SHIYIMENZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAIXINGSHENGQILAIDEYUGUOJIJIEGUIDEXINXINGXUEKE。YANJIUDUIXIANGSHEJIZHONGGUODELISHIHEXIANSHIZHONGDEZHUDUOLINGYU,RUCHENGSHIJIANSHE、XINXIGAOSUGONGLUFAZHAN、JIAOCHEGONGYEHEFANGDICHANYE、XIUXIANWENHUAJIQICHANYEJIANSHEDENG。ZHILIYUCONGZHEXUE、LISHIHESHEHUIXUEDESHIJIAOTOUXIKEXUEJISHUFAZHANDESHEHUIGUOCHENGHEJIZHI,CONGHONGGUANDAOZHONGGUAN,YOUSHIDAOWEIGUAN,ZHUJIANSHENHUAKAIZHANKEJIZHANLVEYUZHENGCEYANJIU,BIRUFANGXINGWEIAIDEKEJIFAZHANYUGONGGONGZHENGCEYANJIU(ZIXUNYANJIU)。YUCITONGSHI,KEXUEZHISHISHEHUIXUEDEYANJIUYEFASHENGLEBIANHUA,ZHONGSHIYUNYONGRENLEIXUEFANGFAYANJIUKEXUEDESHEHUIJIANGOU,TICHANGKEXUESHIYANSHIDETIANYEDIAOCHA;KEXUEGONGTONGTIDEFANSHI、KEXUEJIADEXINNIAN、KEXUEJISHUZHENGCE、KEXUEJISHUDEZIYUANFENPEI、DUIKEYANDEXINGZHENGGUANLIHEZHISHIJIEDEKECENGZHIDENGWENTI,CHENGWEIGUANZHUDEDUIXIANG。

  KEJISIXIANGSHIYANJIUSHIYIKEJISHIWEIJICHU,ZHEZHONGCONGZHEXUECENGMIANJIAYIGUANZHAOHUOYANSHENDAOKEJISHEHUISIXIANGSHILINGYU。CHANGGUIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGYOU: KEXUESHIANLI(KEXUEJIAHUOKEXUEFAXIAN)YANJIU、ZHUMINGKEXUEJIASHENGPINGSIXIANGYANJIU、KEXUESHIYUKEXUEZHEXUEDEGUANXIYANJIU、KEJIDESHEHUIYINGXIANGJIQIYANBIANYANJIU,DENGDENG。YEHUISHEJIZHONGGUOGUDAIKEXUESIXIANGYANJIU、ZHONGGUOKEJIFAZHANYUZHONGGUOSIXIANGWENHUAGUANXISHIYANJIU、ZHONGGUOJINXIANDAIKEJIZHUANXINGDELISHIYANJIU,DENGDENG。YIXIEZHUANMENDEYUKEJIFAZHANYOUGUANDESIXIANGSHIJISHEHUISIXIANGSHIWENTI,RUKEXUEYUYISHIXINGTAIGUANXIDEYANBIAN、KEXUEZHUYIYURENWENZHUYIDEFENHELICHENGDENGWENTI,YISHIKEJISIXIANGSHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANG。ERDANGXIAYINFAGUANZHUDEZHONGYAOKEJISIXIANGWENTISHI: MIANDUIXIANDAIKEXUEWENHUAYUQITADEWENHUACHUANTONGTEBIESHIRENWENWENHUADEMAODUNSHENZHICHONGTU,KEJIRUHEZAILISHISHIJIANZHONGYINFASIXIANGYANBIAN?

  4.问题与期待

  JIUMUQIANZHUANGKUANGERYAN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEZHUFANGMIANDEYANJIUSHANGYOUJUDAQIANLI,YIXIEYIWANGBUBEIRENTONGHUOSHANGWEICHENGXINGDEFENZHIHUOWENTIKETUOZHANWEIDANGXIAGUANZHUDEJIAODIAN。

U赢电竞app  QIYI,SHIKEJILUNLIWENTI。SUIZHEZHINENGGEMINGDEDAOLAI,TEBIESHIRENGONGZHINENGHEJIYINGONGCHENGDEFAZHANQUDEJUDACHENGJIU,YIFANGMIANWEIJINGJISHEHUIXUNMENGFAZHANTIGONGLEXINDEDONGLI,LINGYIFANGMIANYOUKENENGWEISHENGTAIHERENLEIZISHENDEYANBIANDAILAIBUKEYUJIDEHOUGUO。KEXUEJISHUYITIHUADEQUSHIRIYIMINGXIAN,KEXUEHUODONGDESHEHUIXINGYUELAIYUETUCHU,KEXUEDEJIAZHIZHONGLIXINGBUKEBIMIANDIZAODAORENMENDEZHIYI。YUSHI,KEJIHUODONGZHUJIANBEIRENWEIJUYOUHENQIANGDEJIAZHIFUZAI,SHENTOUZHELUNLIPANDUAN。KEJILUNLIWENTIDEYANJIUBUJINZHENDUIKEJIGONGZUOZHEDEDAODEHESHEHUIZERENWENTI,HAIKAISHIGUANZHUKEJIYURENWENDEGUANXIWENTI、KEXUEDEJIAZHIFUZAIWENTI、KEXUEWUJINQUYUJISHUYOUZERENWENTI。

  QIER,SHIKEXUEDEWENHUAZHEXUEYANJIU。ZAIXIANDAISHEHUIZHONG,KEXUEWENHUAYUELAIYUECHENGWEISHEHUIDEZHUDAOXING、ZHIPEIXINGWENHUAYANGSHI,KEXUEYUQITAWENHUADEGUANXIYINQIXUEJIEDEPUBIANGUANZHU。KEXUEDEWENHUAZHEXUE,YANJIUDUIXIANGYIRANSHIKEXUE,DANTABAKEXUEZUOWEIYIZHONGWENHUAHUOWENHUAHUODONGLAIYANJIU,ERBUSHIJUXIANYURENSHILUNYANJIU,YINCIJIBUTONGYUCHUANTONGKEXUELUN,YEBUTONGYUYIBANDEWENHUAZHEXUE。

  XUEKEDEFAZHANBUKENENGYIFANFENGSHUN,YAOQUDEKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYANJIULINGYUGENGSHENRUDECHENGGUOHEJIANKANGFAZHAN,BIXUYUSHIJUJIN,BUDUANPEIYUCHUXINDESHENGZHANGDIAN,HAIYAOYOUKEXUEHELENGJINGDETOUNAO,SHENSHIDUSHI,YOUSUOWEIYOUSUOBUWEI,KEFUKUNNAN,KAITUOJINQU。YEYINGJUBEILIANGGEJIBENTAIDU:

  DIYI,CONGTUIJINKEXUEJISHULIANGXINGYUNXINGDEPOQIEXUYAOLAIKAN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUZHEXUEYANJIUYINGDANGNULISHIXIANDUIKEXUEJISHUCONGDANCHUNBIANHUHUOZHEWUQINGPIPAN,XIANGQUANMIANSHENDUDEZHUANBIAN。YAOJINGTIMOSHISHENZHIFANDUIKEXUEDEXUWUZHUYIQINGXIANG,YEYAOFANGZHIJINJINBAKEXUEZUOWEIYIZHONGGONGLIXINGGONGJU,ERHUSHITAZUOWEIYIZHONGSIXIANGWUQIDEQIANBOYANGUANG。

U赢电竞app  DIER,ZIRANBIANZHENGFAKECHENGZHISUOYIYIZHISHOUDAOLIGONGKEYANJIUSHENGHEYIBANSHOUZHONGDEHUANYING,SHIYINWEITAJIJUYOUSIXIANGJIAOYUGONGNENG,YOUJUYOUTONGSHIKEDEZUOYONG,TADEKUAXUEKEXING,TEBIEYOUZHUYUTIGAOLIGONGKEYANJIUSHENGDERENWENSUYANG。ZAIGAIKECHENGDEDINGWEIHEJIANSHEZHONGYINGJIANCHI: JIDIANBUDONGYAO,GONGNENGYOUTESE,XUEKEYAOKAITUO。

  (ZUOZHE: XIZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEZHEUYINGDIANJINGappYIJIJIAOSHOU)

标签 - 自然辩证法,科学认识论,现代科学技术革命,认识论研究,理论拓展
网站编辑 - 张芯蕊
U赢电竞app_U赢电竞手机版_主页九州体育下载亚博真人APP篮球即时比分旧版KOK体育平台ag真人计划江苏11选5开奖结果188比分直播足球dt电子娱乐游戏ope电竞官方网站日博电竞平台U赢电竞贝博体育官网IM电竞网站 im电竞官网_im电竞竞猜-手机版 pg电子平台_pg电子app平台下载[三端任您选择] bbin真人投注_bbin真人游戏【注册送888】 泛亚电竞app_泛亚电竞app在线官方网站〖福利多多〗 百家乐网址