U赢电竞app

民法典充分体现中华优秀法律文化

2020年07月04日 12:49:40
来源:U赢电竞app_U赢电竞手机版_主页

  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDIERSHICIJITIXUEXISHIZHICHU,“MINFADIANXITONGZHENGHELEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70DUONIANLAIZHANGQISHIJIANXINGCHENGDEMINSHIFALVGUIFAN,JIQULEZHONGHUAMINZU5000DUONIANYOUXIUFALVWENHUA,JIEJIANLERENLEIFAZHIWENMINGJIANSHEYOUYICHENGGUO,SHIYIBUTIXIANWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIXINGZHI、FUHERENMINLIYIHEYUANWANG、SHUNYINGSHIDAIFAZHANYAOQIUDEMINFADIAN”。

U赢电竞app  WOGUOCHUANTONGSHEHUISUIWUXIXUEYIYISHANGDE“MINFA”GAINIAN,DANDIAOZHENGMINSHIHUODONGDEFALVGUIFANHEFALVZHIDUYUANYUANLIUZHANG。MINFADIANDEZHIDINGLIBUKAIDUIFAZHILISHIDEJICHENG,CHUANTONGFALVZHONGDELIANGFAMEIYI、YUANZEGUANNIANDENGBEICHUANGZAOXINGDIYUNYONGDAOXIANSHIFALVDECHUANGZHIZHONG。BIANLANMINFADIAN,QISUOLIDINGDEJIBENYUANZEDUOSHILISHIJIDIANDECHENGGUO,SHIZHONGHUAYOUXIUFALVWENHUAZAIXINSHIDAIDEFAYANGGUANGDA。

  自愿原则与“两相和同”观念

  MINFADIANDIWUTIAOGUIDINGMINSHIZHUTICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONG,YINGDANGZUNXUNZIYUANYUANZE,ZHEIYUCHUANTONGFALVZHONGDE“LIANGXIANGHETONG”LINIANYOUZHEWENHUASHANGDEJICHENGXING。GUDAISHEHUIDEQIYUECHENGZUO“HETONG”,YOUCHENG“LIANGHE”。RU《TANGLVSHUYI·MINGLISI》WEI“HETONGXIANGMAIZHE,WEILIANGXIANGHETONG”。“HE”JI“HEDIAOYE”,JIANGBUTONGDEZHUTITONGGUOHEDIAODEFANGSHI,SHIZHIDADAOLIANGXIANGQINGYUAN、BICITONGYIDEJINGJIE,BIANSHI“HETONG”。YONGJINTIANDEMINFASHUYUBIAODA,JIUSHI“YISIZIZHI”,JICANJIAMINSHIHUODONGDEDANGSHIREN,ANZIJIDEYIYUANDIJIEMINSHIFALVGUANXIERBUSHOUWAILIGANSHE。

  “LIANGXIANGHETONG”SHIQIYUEYOUXIAOCHENGLIDEQIANTITIAOJIAN。XINGCHENGYUXIZHOUZHONGQIDE“GEBOGUI”MINGWENBIANSHIXIANLI: GEBOZIYUANSHOULIANGMASIPIYUPENGSHENG,PENGSHENGJIJIASANSHITIAN,XIEXIAQIQUANCONGZHONGFENKAI,LIANGRENGEZHIYIBAN,GEBOFANHUIHOUZHUZAOQINGTONGGUIJILUCISHI。YOURU,XIANCUNBEISONGTAIPINGXINGGUOJIUNIAN(984NIAN)DEYIFENTUDIMAIMAIQIYUE,JILULEMAYINDENGRENJIANGTUDIMAIYUSHIJINCHONGZUOFENDIYISHI。QUANWENBAIYUZI,SANCISHIYONG“QINGYUAN”YICI。FANZHI,ZAIMINSHIHUODONGZHONGWEIFANHETONGYUANZE,BUDANHUIDAOZHIMINSHIXINGWEIWUXIAO,DANGSHIRENHAIHUISHOUDAOFALVZHICAI。

  公平原则与“法平如水”观念

U赢电竞app  MINFADIANDILIUTIAOGUIDINGDEGONGPINGYUANZE,ZAILISHISHANGGENGSHIYOULAIYIJIU。“FA”ZIDEZHUANSHUWEI“FA”,QIZIYISHIWEI“PINGZHIRUSHUI,CONGSHUI;JIAN,SUOYICHUBUZHIZHE;QUZHI,CONGQU”。“JIAN”JIDUJIAOSHOU,YUYOUJIUFEN,YONGDUJIAOJIANGBUZHIDEYIFANGCHUERQUZHI,CONGERSHISHEHUIZHIXUDADAOXIANGSHUIYIYANGDEGONGPINGZHUANGTAI。

U赢电竞app  ZAIGUDAISHEHUI,FAPINGRUSHUIDEGUANNIANBUJINSHENRURENXIN,YEDEDAOLELICHAOLVLINGDIANZHANGYIYIGUANZHIDEWEIHU。《ZHANGJIASHANHANJIAN》ZAI: “QISHIHUOYANFANZHI,FAJINSILIANG,ZHAISUOFAN。”SHIHUOXINGWEIZAOCHENGTARENSUNSHI,BUDANYAOFAJINSILIANG,HAIXUCHENGDANSUNHAIPEICHANGDEMINSHIZEREN。《ZIZHITONGJIAN》JIZAI,TANGGAOZONGYONGHUIYUANNIAN,ZHONGSHULINGZHESUILIANGYADIJIAGEGOUMAITARENFANGZHAIBEIJIEFA,DALISIPANQIYITONGSHUZUI。YIJU《TANGLV》,GAIPANJUEMINGXIANCHUFAGUOQING,DASHIGONGZHENG,HOUZHESUILIANGHEDALISISHAOQINGJUNBEIJIANGZHIQIANGUAN。MINGHONGZHI《WENXINGTIAOLI》ZHONGGUIDING: “DIANDANGTIANDIQIWUDENGXIANG,BUXUWEILVQILI。”ZHURUCILEIDELIFAGUIDINGHESIFAANLIBIAOMING,ZHONGHUACHUANTONGFALVWENHUAZHONG,CONGLAIBUQUEFAGONGZHENGPINGDENGDEJINGSHENJIAZHI,YISHITUIJINJINRIFAZHIJIANSHEYONGBUKUJIEDEWENHUAYICHAN。

  诚信原则与“朋友有信”观念

U赢电竞app  MINFADIANDIQITIAOSUODINGCHENGXINYUANZE,ZAICHUANTONGSHEHUIYOUZHEFENGHOUDEWENHUATURANG。MENGZIYUE: “PENGYOUYOUXIN”。ZHEILIDE“PENGYOU”GAINIAN,BUSHITEZHINEIXIEYUZIJIGUANXIQINJIN、GANQINGSHENHOUDEREN,ERSHIFANZHIPUTONGDESHEHUIGUANXI,FANSHIYUZIJIDAJIAODAODEREN,JIEDANGYIPENGYOUDETAIDUDAIZHI,ZUIWEIJINYAODEJIUSHIYIGE“XIN”ZI。ZAIHANZIZHONG,“XIN”HE“CHENG”KEYIHUXUN。CHENGXINBUDANSHIGUDAIZHONGGUOZHONGYAODEDAODEGAINIAN,ZAI“XIAOTIZHONGXINLIYILIANCHI”DEBADEZHONGPAIZAIDISIWEI,GENGSHIRENRENANSHENLIMINGDESHENGHUOXINTIAO,GUYOU“RENWUXINBULI,YEWUXINBUXING”DENGMINYAN。

  CHUANTONGFALVZHIDUWEIHUCHENGXINDELIDUHENDA。《ZHOULI·QIUGUAN·SIYUE》ZAI: “FANDAYUEJISHUYUZONGYI,XIAOYUEJISHUYUDANTU。……QIBUXINZHEFUMOXING。”ZHONGYAOQIYUEXUKEZAIYUZONGMIAOYIQISHANG,YIBANQIYUEZESHUXIEZAIHONGSEZHUBOSHANG。WEIBEICHENGXINPOHUAIQIYUEDE,YAOCHUYIMOXING,RANGRENYIWANGERZHIQISHIBUSHOUCHENGXINDE“LAOLAI”。《HANSHU·XINGFAZHI》WEIZHI“KEJIFU,ZHONGSHENBUXI,HEQIXINGZHITONGERBUDEYE”。JIZHISUITANG,ZAIMINSHIHUODONGZHONGWEIFANCHENGXINYUANZEDE,ZECHUYICHI、ZHANGZHIXING,TONGSHIHAIXUCHENGDANZHAIWUQINGCHANGZEREN。《TANGLVSHUYI·ZALV》ZHONGGUIDING: “ZHUFUZHAIWEIQIBUCHANG,YIPIYISHANG,WEIERSHIRICHIERSHI,ERSHIRIJIAYIDENG,ZUIZHIZHANGLIUSHI;SANSHIPI,JIAERDENG;BAIPI,YOUJIASANDENG。GELINGBEICHANG。”SONGYUANMINGQINGJIBENYANXIZHEIYIGUIDING,WUYOUDAGAI。

U赢电竞app  YOUYUSHIXINXINGWEIYAOSHOUDAOXINGFADECHENGZHI,WEIFACHENGBENGAO,SUOYIMINSHIJINGJIJIAOWANGZHONGDESHIXINXINGWEIREN,WANGWANGYUANYIJIESHOUDIAOJIE,YIMIANSUZHIGUANFUZAOSHOUPIROUZHIKU。ZHEIZHENGSHIGUDAISHEHUIMINJIANDIAOJIEFADADEYUANYINSUOZAI,ERDIAOJIEYOUYIQIJISHIYOUXIAOHUAJIEMINSHIJIUFENDEGONGNENG,FANGUOLAITUIDONGCHENGXINGUANNIANSHENRURENXIN。MINFADIANQIANGDIAOMINSHIZHUTI“YINGDANGZUNXUNCHENGXINYUANZE,BINGCHICHENGSHI,KESHOUCHENGNUO”,JISHIDUICHUANTONGFALVWENHUADEJICHENG,GENGNENGYOUXIAOYINGDUICHENGXINWEIJI。

  公序良俗与“法顺人情”观念

  MINFADIANDIBATIAOQUEDINGDEGONGXULIANGSUYUANZE,YUGUDAI“FASHUNRENQING”DECHUANTONGKEWEIYIMAIXIANGCHENG。FAJIADAIBIAORENWUSHENDAOSHUO: “FAZHE,FEICONGTIANXIA,FEICONGDICHU,FAHURENJIAN,HEHURENXINERYI。”FANAIRENDINGGUIZE,BUGUOSHIRENXINQINGLIDETIAOWENHUA,GUYOU“LVSHEDAFA,LISHUNRENQING”DESHUOFA。ZHIYOUFUHEQINGLIDEFALVZHIDU,CAINENGYOUZHUYUGONGZHENGZHIXUDEJIANLIHESHANLIANGFENGSUDEXINGCHENG;FANZHI,ZEKENENGSHANGFENGBAISU。LIRUQINCHAO“RENFAERZHI”,TUIXING《FENHULING》,QIANGZHIFUZIFENJIABIEJU,GELIELEQINSHUJIANYINGYOUDEQINQING。HANCHAOYIHOUFENGXINGRUJIASIXIANG,TICHANGTONGCAIGONGJU,CAOWEISHIXIALING“CHUYIZIZHIKE”,YANJINFUZIFENJIA。SUITANGZHIMINGQING,FALVZHONGXINGCHENGJINZHI“BIEJIYICAI”DEGUIDING,JICHANGDAOLEXIAOLAOAIQINDEDAODEFENGSHANG,YOUTUOSHANJIEJUELEYANGLAOJINGLAODESHEHUIWENTI。

  QINGMOYILAI,“FUCIZIXIAO”“FUFUYOUYI”DENGJIATINGMEIDESHOUDAOHENDUORENDEWUQINGBIANQI。DANGJINSHEHUIZHONG,SHANYANGFEIJIUFENZHUNIANZENGJIA,LIHUNJIUFENCHIXUBIAOSHENG;“FURUOJIPIN”“SHOUWANGXIANGZHU”DENGSHEHUIGONGDEZAODAOMOSHI,CHUXIANBANGFULAORENFANBEIEZHA、JIANYIYONGWEIFANBEIWUGAODEXIANXIANG。ZHENDUIBULIANGFENGQI,MINFADIANZAIHUNYINJIATINGBIANZHONGGUIDING: “JIATINGYINGDANGSHULIYOULIANGJIAFENG,HONGYANGJIATINGMEIDE”,BINGZAIXIEYILIHUNHUANJIESHEZHI“LENGJINGQI”,HUNYINDENGJIJIGUANSHOUDAOLIHUNDENGJISHENQINGZHIRIQISANSHIRINEI,RENHEYIFANGBUYUANYILIHUNDE,KEYIXIANGHUNYINDENGJIJIGUANCHEHUISHENQING;ZAIZONGZEBIANDE“MINSHIZEREN”BUFENGUIDING: “YINZIYUANSHISHIJINJIJIUZHUXINGWEIZAOCHENGSHOUZHURENSUNHAIDE,JIUZHURENBUCHENGDANMINSHIZEREN。”RUCIGUIDING,TIXIANLERENMINQUNZHONGDECHANGQINGCHANGLICHANGSHI,WUYISHIDUI“TIANLIGUOFARENQING”XIANGTONGYIDEFALVCHUANTONGDECHUANGXINXINGFAZHAN,BIJIANGWEIGOUJIANHEXIEJIATING、MEIHUASHEHUIFENGSUTIGONGYOULIDEFALVBAOZHANG。

  (作者: 龙大轩,系西南政法大学教授;王蓉,系西南政法大学博士)

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