U赢电竞app

耀眼!这十大考古新发现,个个大有来头!

2020年12月07日 11:53:13
来源:U赢电竞app_U赢电竞手机版_主页

图: 央视宣传海报

01 考古学是一门十分重要的学科

  ZHONGHUA5000DUONIANWENMINGSHIZENMEQIYUAN、XINGCHENGDE?JINGLILEZENYANGDEFAZHANGUOCHENG?

  SHIZHENGXIADAICUNZAIDEXINSHIKAOGUFAXIANSHISHENME?

  “SANHUANGWUDI”JIUJINGSHIQUEYOUQIRENHAISHISHENHUACHUANSHUO?

  ……

  ZHEIXIEDOUSHISHIGUANZHONGHUAWENMINGLISHIDEZHONGDAWENTI,YESHISHIJIEWENMINGSHIYANJIUDEZHONGYAOWENTI。

  XUXUDUODUODEWEIZHILINGYU,DOUXUYAOKAOGUGONGZUOQUJIEKAIMIDI。

U赢电竞app  “JINGGUOJIDAIKAOGURENJIEXUFENDOU,WOGUOKAOGUGONGZUOQUDELEZHONGDACHENGJIU”。ZAI《JIANSHEZHONGGUOTESEZHONGGUOFENGGEZHONGGUOQIPAIDEKAOGUXUE,GENGHAORENSHIYUANYUANLIUZHANGBODAJINGSHENDEZHONGHUAWENMING》ZHEIPIANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIHUIGUWOGUOXIANDAIKAOGUXUEYANJIUDEFAZHANLICHENG,QUANMIANCHANSHUWOGUOKAOGUFAXIANQUDEDEZHONGDACHENGJIUJIQIDUIYANJIUZHONGHUAMINZUYOUJIULISHIHECANLANWENMINGDEZHONGYAOYIYI,QIANGDIAOZHEIXIECHENGJIU:

延伸了历史轴线

增强了历史信度

丰富了历史内涵

活化了历史场景

  LIJIEZONGSHUJIZHEIXIEZHONGYAOLUNSHU,BIJIJUNZHENGLILE“2019NIANDUQUANGUOSHIDAKAOGUXINFAXIAN”XIANGGUANZILIAO,YIQIXINSHANGGANWU!

02 2019年度全国十大考古新发现

  2020NIAN5YUE5RI,JINGGUOYANSHIHUIBAO、PINGYIHETOUPIAODENGHUANJIE,SHOUCIYIWANGLUOHUIYIXINGSHIZHAOKAIDEQUANGUOSHIDAKAOGUXINFAXIANZHONGPINGHUIJIEXIAOLE2019NIANDUQUANGUOSHIDAKAOGUXINFAXIAN。

现代人始祖的生活印记

陕西南郑疥疙洞旧石器时代洞穴遗址

U赢电竞app  FAXIANLEJUJIN10—1.5WANNIANJIANFENGFUDEYIJIHEYIWU,BAOKUORENLEIHUODONGMIAN、SHIQIJIAGONGDIAN、HUOTANGDENG,JINYIBUFENGFULEZHONGGUOJINGNEI10—5WANNIANJIANDEGUANJIANKAOGUZILIAO,TIANBULEHANZHONGPENDIJIUSHIQISHIDAIWANQIRENLEIDONGXUEXINGJUZHIDEKONGBAI。

U赢电竞app  JUJIN3—2WANNIANJIANDEZAOQIXIANDAIRENLEIHUASHIDEFAXIANGENGWEINANDE,WEIDONGYAXIANDAIRENBENTUQIYUANTIGONGLEZHONGYAODEKAOGUXUEZHENGJU。

U赢电竞app  ZHEIXIEFAXIANWEITANSUOZHONGGUONANBEIFANGGUODUDIDAIWANGENGXINSHIRENLEIWENHUAFAZHAN,TANTAOZHONGGUONAIZHIDONGYADIQUXIANDAIRENQIYUANYANJIUDENGZHONGDAKETITIGONGLEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEXINZILIAO。

  陕西南郑疥疙洞旧石器时代洞穴遗址近景(上图)、疥疙洞遗址出土的石制品(下图)(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  陕西南郑疥疙洞旧石器时代洞穴遗址出土的人类牙齿和头骨残块(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

东亚玉文化的曙光

黑龙江饶河小南山遗址

  KUADUDA15000NIANDEWENHUAYICUNDUIGOUJIANHEILONGJIANGXIAYOUNAIZHIBINHAIDIQUDEKAOGUXUEWENHUAXULIEYIYIZHONGDA。

  YIPIANXINSHIQISHIDAIZAOQIMUDIDEFAXIANYOUWEIZHONGYAO,WEIYANJIUWUSULIJIANGLIUYUXINSHIQISHIDAIZAOQIMUZANGXINGZHIYANBIANHEWENHUAXULIETIGONGLEZHENGUIDEZILIAO。YUJUEDENGYUQIDEDALIANGCHUTU,WEIWOGUOYUWENHUADEQIYUANHECHUANBO,YIJIZAOQIYUQIJIAGONGJISHUDENGWENTIDEYANJIUTIGONGLEBAOGUIDEZILIAO。

  XINSHIQISHIDAIWANQIFANGZHIJIJUYOUWOZINIEXIENUOFUKAWENHUATEZHENGTAOQIDEFAXIANYEFENGFULEZHEIYISHIQIGAIDIQUDEWENHUANEIHAN。

  黑龙江饶河小南山遗址第二墓区积石堆近景(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  黑龙江饶河小南山遗址出土的玉器(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

皇皇巨城 巍巍高台

陕西神木石峁遗址皇城台

U赢电竞app  HUANGCHENGTAIZUOWEISHIMAOYIZHIDEHEXINQU,QISUODAIJISHIRENDEXINFAXIANBUDUANSHUAXINXUESHUJIEDERENSHI,GAIBIANLEDUIZHONGGUOZAOQIWENMINGFAZHANGAODUDECHUANTONGRENZHI。

  JIELUCHUDEZHONGGUOSHIQIANSHIDAIZUIWEIZHUANGGUANDEJIANZHUQUN,FANYINGLESHIMAOSHEHUIDEGAODUFUZAHUAHEQIANGDADEZUZHINENGLI。JIEGOUFUZADEMENZHI、GUIMOJUDADETAIJI、QISHIBANGBODESHIQIHUQIANG、SHEJIJINGQIAODECHENGFANGSHESHI,YIJISHIDIAO、TAOYING、BUGU、KOUHUANG、YUQIDENGGAODENGJIYIWUDECHUTU,ZAIZHONGGUOZAOQICHENGZHIZHONGHENSHAOFAXIAN,YEQUERENLEHUANGCHENGTAIGONGCHENGDEXINGZHI。

  TEBIEZHIDEYITIDESHIDATAIJISHANGXINFAXIANDESHIDIAO,QIZHUTIHEYISHUFENGGETIXIANLESHIMAOYIZHIYUZHONGGUOSHIQIANQITADIQUNAIZHIGENGDADIYUFANWEIDEXIANGHUYINGXIANG,FANYINGLEZAOQIWENHUAUYINGDIANJINGappDEFUZAXINGHESHIMAOXIANMINDEJINGSHENCENGMIAN,DUIHOUSHIYEYINGXIANGSHENYUAN。

  陕西神木石峁遗址皇城台出土的石雕(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  陕西神木石峁遗址皇城台出土的陶鹰(上图)和玉钺(下图)(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

中国古代城市规划建制的始源

河南淮阳平粮台城址

  HENANHUAIYANGPINGLIANGTAICHENGZHISHIGUONEIZUIZAOFAXIANBINGQUERENDESHIQIANCHENGZHIZHIYI,CICIFAJUEJINYIBUQUERENLECHENGZHIYANZHENGGUIHUADEFANGZHENGGEJU,YOUQISHIWEIYUCHENGZHIZHONGZHOUXIANSHANGDEDAOLUSHIMUQIANGUONEIJINGKAOGUFAJUEQUERENDEZUIZAODECHENGSHI“ZHONGZHOUXIAN”,CHENGNEIDEGAOTAISHIPAIFANGJIANZHUYEYI“ZHONGZHOUXIAN”WEIYIJUJINXINGGUIHUASHEJI。

  FAXIANLEWANZHENGDEZAOQICHENGSHIPAISHUIXITONG,SHIGUONEISHOUJIAN。LONGSHANDAOLUFAXIANDEWOGUOZUIZAODECHEZHE,JIANGCHE(KENENGSHISHUANGLUNCHE)DEQIYUANTIZAODAOLONGSHANSHIDAI,BINGYUDASHIDAIBEIJINGXIADEDONGXIWENHUAUYINGDIANJINGappXIANGWENHE,YIYIZHONGDA。

  ZHEIXIETEDIANSHIZHONGGUOGUDAICHENGSHIGUIHUASIXIANGDEYUANTOU,ZAICHENGSHIFAZHANSHISHANGJUYOULICHENGBEISHIDETUCHUJIAZHI。TONGSHIYEJIESHICHULELONGSHANSHIDAIDABEIJINGXIAGUANGFANDEKUAQUYUWENHUAUYINGDIANJINGappYURONGHEDEXIANXIANG,YOUZHUYUSHENRURENSHIZHONGYUANDIQUWENMINGQIYUANDETEZHENG,DUIRENSHIGUOJIAWENMINGDEQIYUANJUYOUZHONGDAYIYI。

  河南淮阳平粮台城址南城门附近的排水设施(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  河南淮阳平粮台城址出土的龙山时期玉冠饰残片(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

战略资源 国家力量

山西绛县西吴壁遗址

  TONGGUOKEJIJIANCEKEZHIXIWUBIYIZHIYETONGZUOFANGDECHANPINWEICHUNTONG,SHUOMINGGAIYIZHISHIYICHUYIYELIANCHUNTONGWEIZHU,JIANKEZHIZUOXIAOXINGGONGJUDEJULUO,TIANBULEXUEJIEDUIZAOQIQINGTONGQISHENGCHANYELIANHUANJIEDEKONGBAI。

  ZHEISHIXUEJIESHOUCIZAILINJINXIASHANGWANGCHAODEFUXINDIDAIFAJUEZHUANYEYETONGYIZHI,JUYOUZHONGYAOXUESHUYIYI。

U赢电竞app  ERLITOUSHIQIDEMUTANYAO、ERLIGANGXIACENGYETONGLU,YIJIERLITOUHEERLIGANGSHIQIDEQITAYETONGYIWU,HEXIANQIANFAXIANDEYETONGYICUNYIQI,FENGFULEXIWUBIYIZHIDENEIHAN,CHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGGUIMODA、ZHUANYEHUACHENGDUGAODEYETONGZUOFANGXINGTAI,WEISHENRUTANSUOZAOQIYETONGSHOUGONGYEJISHUJISHENGCHANFANGSHI,NAIZHITANSUOXIASHANGWANGCHAODEJUEQIYUKONGZHI、KAIFA、LIYONGTONGZHEIZHONGZHANLVEZIYUANZHIJIANDEGUANXITIGONGLEZHENGUIDESHIWUZILIAO。

  山西绛县西吴壁遗址的二里头时期木炭窑(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  山西绛县西吴壁遗址出土的冶铜工具(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

追寻“玉石之路”的踪迹

甘肃敦煌旱峡玉矿遗址

  HANXIAYUKUANGYIZHISHIGANSUHEXIZOULANGDIQUZAOQIYUKUANGYIZHIDIAOCHA、FAJUEDEZHONGYAOFAXIAN,YESHIWOGUOMUQIANFAXIANNIANDAIZUIZAODETOUSHANSHIYUKUANGYIZHI。

  QIYUMAZONGSHANJINGBAOERCAOCHANGYUKUANG、HANYAOZIYUKUANGYIZHIDEFAXIAN,ZHENGSHILEZIGONGYUANQIANLIANGQIANJICHUZHIGONGYUANQIANHOUHEXIZOULANGXIBUDIQUDEYULIAOKAICAIHUODONG,DUILEJIEZHONGGUOXIBUDIQUYULIAOLAIYUAN、KAICAIYUKUANGDEZUQUN、YUKUANGCAIJIQUNTIDEJULUOXINGTAI、ZAOWANBUTONGSHIQIYUKUANGKAICAIZHEDESHENGCHANZUZHIHEGUANLIMOSHIDENGDOUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

  SHANGSHUFAXIANYEWEISHENRURENSHIZAOQI“XIYUDONGSHU”JI“YUSHIZHILU”DEXINGCHENG,TANTAOZHONGGUOXIBEIDIQUGUDAIWENHUAYUZHONGYUANDIQUHEZHOUBIANDIQUDEGUANXITIGONGLEXINDEZHONGYAOZILIAO。TONGSHI,ZHEIYIFAXIANYEWEIXUNZHAOHEXIZOULANGBEISHANJIQILIANSHANLIANGDIRUANYUCHENGKUANGDAITIGONGLEZHENGJU,WEIXUNZHAOKENENGCUNZAINIANDAIGENGZAODEYUKUANGYIZHITIGONGLEXIANSUO。

  甘肃敦煌旱峡玉矿遗址第二地点东部岗哨、矿坑、选料区分布情况(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  甘肃敦煌旱峡玉矿遗址出土的玉料(拼版资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

考古构建最完整的周代封国

湖北随州枣树林春秋曾国贵族墓地

U赢电竞app  CENGGONGQIU、CENGHOUBAOHECENGHOUDESANZUCENGHOUMUZANGJIQICHEKENG、MAKENGJIXIANGGUANBUTONGJIBIEGUIZUMUDEFAJUE,MIBULECHUNQIUZHONGQICENGGUOKAOGUDEQUEHUAN,YIKAOGUFAJUEGOUJIANLEZUIWANZHENGDEZHOUDAIFENGGUOLISHICAILIAO。

  ZAOSHULINMUDITONGQIMINGWEN,SHEJICENGGUOZUXI、GUANZHI、YINLE,YIJIZHAOWANGNANXINGHEDONGZHOUSHIQIZHUHOUGUOZHIJIANDEZHENGZHIGUANXI,SHILIJIECHUNQIUSHIQINANFANGDIQUZHUHOUGUOZHENGZHI、WENHUA、KEJIDEZHONGYAOZILIAO。

  CENGGUOLISHICONGCHUANSHIWENXIANJIZAIBUMING,DAOKAOGUJIESHICHUQINGXIDEGUOJUNSHIXI、SHEHUIJIECENG、WENHUAMIANMAO,TIXIANCHUKAOGUXIESHIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONGHEYIYI。

U赢电竞app  CIWAI,MUDIBUJUQINGXI,SUIZANGPINZUHEJIAOWEIWANZHENG,DUIYANJIUDONGZHOUSHIQICENGGUODEMUZANGZHIDUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。CHUTUDEDALIANGQINGTONGLILEQI,DUIYUSHENRUTANTAOZHOUDAIDELILEWENHUAMIANMAOJIQIBIANQIANTIGONGLEZHONGYAOZILIAO。

  湖北随州枣树林春秋曾国贵族墓地出土的“曾公求”编钟组合(上图)和“曾夫人渔”铜礼器组合(下图)(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  湖北随州枣树林春秋曾国贵族墓地车坑出土的神人驭龙双通车构件(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

西域孤城 节比苏武

新疆奇台石城子遗址

  SHICHENGZIYIZHISHIMUQIANXINJIANGDIQUWEIYIJINGKAOGUFAJUEDEWENHUATEZHENGXIANMINGDEHANDAICHENGZHI,YESHIQIJINXINJIANGFAJUEMIANJIZUIDADEYICHUHANDAIJUNSHIYAOSAI。

  JIEHELISHIWENXIAN,JIBENQUEDINGWEI《HOUHANSHU》ZHONGJIZAIDE“SHULECHENG”。GAIYIZHIYIJIFENGFU,BAOCUNWANHAO,SHIDAITEZHENGXIANMING,DUIYANJIULIANGHANSHIQIBIANCHENGDEGUIHUATIGONGLECANKAO。

U赢电竞app  YIZHIWEIYULIANGHANSHIQIZHONGYUANWANGCHAOJINGLVEXIYUDEZHANLVEKONGDAO,SHIXIYUNARUHANDIGUOZHENGZHIBANTUDESHIZHENG,DUIYULIQINGHANDIGUOZAIXIYUJUNSHIFANGYUTIXIDEGOUJIAN,SHENRUYANJIULIANGHANSHIQIZHONGYUANWANGCHAODUIXIYUDEGUANXIAJUYOUZHONGYAODEXUESHUJIAZHIHEXIANSHIYIYI。

  新疆奇台石城子遗址全景(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  新疆奇台石城子遗址(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

高原埋巨室 暗格藏金冠

青海乌兰泉沟吐蕃时期壁画墓

  QUANGOUBIHUAMUSHIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHOUCIFAXIANDETUFANSHIQIBIHUAMU,HUIHUAJIFAJUYOUNONGYUDETANGFENGYINGXIANG,TUXIANGNEIRONGYOUJIANJUQINGZANGGAOYUANYOUMUMINZUTESE,JUYOUHENGAODESHILIAOJIAZHIHEYISHUJIAZHI。

  CAIHUIQIGUANYESHIQIJINWEIZHIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHOUCIFAXIANDEDUTEZANGJUZHUANGSHIXINGSHI。MUZANGNEISHEZHIMIFENGDEANGE,ZAIZHONGGUONAIZHIQUANSHIJIEDEKAOGUSHISHANGDOUMEIYOUFAXIANGUOLEISIDEXIANLI,ANGEZHONGDELIUJINWANGGUANXIANSHIMUZHURENHENKENENGYUTUFANSHIQIDANGDIDEWANGSHIYOUMIQIEGUANXI。

U赢电竞app  GONGYUAN8SHIJI,QINGHAIDIQUCHUYUTUFANTONGZHIXIA,FENGHOUDECAIFUJILEIHEWENMINGFAZHANGAODU,YIJITANGCHAOHEZHONGYADIQUWENHUADESHURU,DUIQINGHAIDIQUDUOMINZUWENHUAXINGCHENGLEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。GAIMUZANGDEFAXIAN,DUIYUTANTAOGUDAIHANZANGWENHUARONGHEJINCHENGHEQINGHAISICHOUZHILUDEWENHUAUYINGDIANJINGappSHENGKUANGJUYOUZHONGDADEXUESHUJIAZHI。

  青海乌兰泉沟吐蕃时期壁画墓暗格木箱内出土的鎏金王冠和金杯(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  青海乌兰泉沟吐蕃时期壁画墓前室东壁仪卫图(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

沉舟侧畔 丝路流光

广东“南海I号”南宋沉船水下考古发掘项目

  “NANHAIⅠHAO”SHIQIJINWEIZHIWOGUOSUOFAXIANDEBAOCUNZUIHAODEGUDAICHENCHUAN,QICHENMEIDICHUZAIGUANGDONGZHONGBUTONGWANGXIBUHAISHANGJIAOTONGDEZHUHANGDAOSHANG,YESHIGUDAIZHONGGUOTONGWANGXIFANGSHIJIEDEHAISHANGSICHOUZHILUBIJINGZHIDI。

U赢电竞app  ZUOWEIYIGEXIANGDUIDULIERYOUJIEGOUWANZHENGDESHUIXIAYICUN,ZAIWENWU、CHUANTI、SHEHUIGUANXI、SHENGTAIHUANJINGDENGZHUDUOFANGMIANYUNZANGZHEJIQIFENGFUDEXINXI。JULIANGWAIXIAOCI、DALIANGSHOUGONGYIZHIPINHERICHANGSHENGHUOYONGPINJIZHONGDUOJINYINTONGHUOBIDEFAXIAN,XIANSHILESONGDAIGAODUFADADESHANGPINJINGJIYISHEJIDAOHAIWAIMAOYITIXIDANGZHONG。

  SUOYOUZHEIXIE,DOUZHANGXIANLENANSONGSHIQIHAIYANGHUODONGDEFANRONGJINGXIANG,YESHIGUDAI“HAISHANGSICHOUZHILU”FANSHENGDELISHIJIANZHENG。ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOQIANHOULIJINGJINSANSHINIAN,CONGSHUIXIADIAOCHA、ZHENGTIDALAODAOFAJUEBAOHUHEGONGZHONGZHANSHI,SHISHIJIESHUIXIAKAOGUJIEDEJINGDIANZHIZUO,YEJIANZHENGLEWOGUOCONGWUDAOYOU,ZAIDAOCHENGSHUZHUANGDADESHUIXIAKAOGUXUEKEDEFAZHANLICHENG。

  广东“南海I号”南宋沉船出土的金叶子(左图)和金缨络胸佩(右图)(拼板资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  广东“南海I号”南宋沉船内出土的白釉印花罐及内装喇叭口瓶(资料照片)。新华社发(中国文物报社供图)

  综合自: 《求是》杂志、新华社、央视网、中国文物报

  策划: 学而时习工作室  编辑: 尹霞 狄英娜 韩辰  审核: 宋维强  监制: 马建辉

标签 - 十大考古,2019,成就,文化自信
网站编辑 - 韩辰
U赢电竞app_U赢电竞手机版_主页nba下注外围投注appbg视讯官网app龙虎游戏亚博账号登录大发体育赌博威尼斯在线平台im电竞投注im体育注册im体育主队m88手机登录网站sbt体育pg电子游戏 im电竞官网_im电竞竞猜-手机版 pg电子平台_pg电子app平台下载[三端任您选择] bbin真人投注_bbin真人游戏【注册送888】 泛亚电竞app_泛亚电竞app在线官方网站〖福利多多〗 百家乐网址